2 Point Perspective Tutorial - Mechanical Drawing Perspective Grid

Lesson in how to map out a 2 pt perspective drawing from plan and elevation views

Software - Line Art: - Adobe Illustrator CS CS2 or Corel Draw vector drawing program.



In this lesson we are going to create a 2 Point Perspective view drawing of our subject working from plan and elevation view reference Fig 1. This type of angle is referred to as a "3/4 Perspective" or "Angular Perspective" view. The green dots in all of the following Perspective Grid diagrams identify the lines to be drawn in the visual example.






The first line to draw will be the Picture Plane Fig. 2. We will place the lower right corner of our Plan View on the Picture Plane and rotate it clockwise Fig. 3. The choice of 30 degrees is arbitrary, but this positioning provides a good angle for a 3/4 view drawing. The angle chosen should balance factors such as aesthetics and information to be conveyed.










In Fig. 4 we will locate the Station Point. Measure the horizontal width of our Plan View (X) and double it. Extend a vertical line from the corner that touches the Picture Plane downward. At two times X we will locate the Station Point.






Draw lines for the Horizon and Ground Line Fig. 5. The ******** of these lines are infinitely variable. The ******** of the Horizon Line will depend on whether you want to view the object from above eye level or below eye level. The ******** of the Ground Line in relation to the Horizon Line will determine how far above or below eye level the object will be viewed.






Draw 2 lines from the Station Point (SP) that are parallel to the bottom edges of the Plan View Fig 6. The lines should intersect with the Picture Plane (points a & b). Next draw vertical lines from points a & b to the Horizon Line. The point where these vertical lines intersect the Horizon Line is where the left and right vanishing points (LVP & RVP) will be located.






The last part of our preliminary layout will be to place the Side Elevation view from Fig. 1 onto the Ground Line. Project a line (orange dashed line b) from the top of the Elevation View to the vertical Line Of Sight (LS) Fig. 7.






We are now ready to start projecting lines to the vanishing points. Referring to Fig. 8, draw lines from both vanishing points (LVP & RVP) to the top and bottom reference points of our subject (points a & b).






To locate the vertical lines on our subject, draw lines from the Station Point to corners a & b on the Plan View Fig. 9. At the point where these lines intersect the Picture Plane, draw vertical lines (orange dashed lines) downward to intersect the vanishing point projection lines.






Using the same procedure as shown in Fig. 9, find the smaller features on the subject in both the Plan View and the Elevation View (a & c) in Fig. 10 and project them towards the vanishing point projection lines.







The last step is to darken the object's construction lines, and add weight to all of the exterior and outside edge lines, to increase readability Fig. 12.