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درس لتعليم أساسيات الأنيميشن

هذا الموضوع : درس لتعليم أساسيات الأنيميشن داخل فن التحريك وصناعة الانيميشنالتابع الي قسم 2D Programs-Video Edit : للاسف انا محتاجة الدرس اوى والرابط لا يعمل ارجو تنزيله مرة اخرى وجزاكم الله خيرا...

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    رد: درس لتعليم أساسيات الأنيميشن

    للاسف انا محتاجة الدرس اوى والرابط لا يعمل ارجو تنزيله مرة اخرى وجزاكم الله خيرا


  2. #62
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    مشكور أخي

    ^^^عالمجهود الرائع^^^

  3. #63


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    تفضلوا الدرس مكتوب باللغة الانجليزية :


    3DS Max Tutorial - Basic Animation Techniques



    Animation is used throughout 3ds max. It is possible to animate the position, rotation, and scale of an object, and almost any parameter setting that effects the object’s shape and surface. It is possible link objects for hierarchical animation, using both forward and reverse kinematics, and to edit the animation in Track View.
    This section discusses the basics of creating animation. It looks briefly at a comparison between computer animation and classic hand-drawn animation, and then describes the creation of “Key Framed” animation, using the “Animate” Button.
    Key Frames
    Key Frames are the ones, where you define the animation for a parameter by specifying its exact value at a given set of times. The computer can then work out by interpolating what the value should be between the keys.
    Time Controls
    Time Controls can be found on the lower interface bar between the key controls and the Viewport Navigation Controls. The Time Control buttons include buttons to jump to the Start or End of the animation, or to step forward or back by a single frame. You can also jump to an exact frame by entering the frame number in the frame number field. The Time Controls also include the Time Slider found directly under the viewports.
    Figure 6-1: Time Controls
    Time Slider
    The Time Slider provides an easy way to move through the frames of an animation. To do this, just drag the Time Slider button in either direction. The Time Slider button is labeled with the current frame number and the total number of frames. The arrow buttons on either side of this button work the same as the Previous and Next Frame (Key) buttons.

    Figure 6-2: Time Slider
    Track Bar
    The Track Bar is situated directly under the Time Slider. The Track Bar displays a rectangular marker for every key for the selected object. These markers are color-coded depending on the type of key. Position keys are red, rotation keys are green, scale keys are blue, and parameter keys are dark gray. The current frame is also shown in the Track Bar as a light blue transparent rectangle.

    Figure 6-3: Track Bar
    The Track Bar shows key markers only for the currently selected object or objects, and each marker can represent several different keys. When the mouse is moved over the top of these markers, the cursor changes to a plus sign, and a marker can be selected by clicking on it. Selected markers turn white. Using the Ctrl key, you can select multiple keys at the same time. You can also select multiple key markers by clicking an area of the Track Bar that contains no keys and then dragging an outline over all the keys you want to select. If you move the cursor over the top of a selected key, the cursor is displayed as a set of arrows enabling you to drag the selected key to the left or right. Holding down the Shift key while dragging a key creates a copy of the key. Pressing the Delete key deletes the selected key.
    Animation with Key Frames
    Keys define a particular state of an object at a particular time. Animations are created as the object moves or changes between two different key states.
    The easiest way to make keys is using the Key Controls. These controls are located to the left of the Time Controls.
    Figure 6-4: Key Controls
    Max includes two animation modes: Auto Key (N) and Set Key ( ' ).You can select either of these modes by clicking the respective buttons at the bottom of the interface. When active, the button turns bright red, and the border around the active viewport also turns red to remind you that you are in animate mode. Red also appears around a spinner for any animated parameters.
    Auto Key Mode
    With the Auto Key button is enabled, every transformation or parameter change creates a key that defines where and how an object should look at that specific frame.
    To create a key, drag the Time Slider to a frame where you want to create a key and then move the selected object or change the parameter, and a key is automatically created. When the first key is created, Max automatically goes back and creates a key for frame 0 that holds the object’s original position or parameter. Upon setting the key, Max then interpolates all the positions and changes between the keys. The keys are displayed in the Track Bar.
    Each frame can hold several different keys, but only one for each type of transform and each parameter. For example, if you move, rotate, scale, and change the Radius parameter for a sphere object with the Auto Key mode enabled, then separate keys are created for position, rotation, scaling, and a parameter change.
    Set Key Mode
    The Set Key button ( ' ) offers more control over key creation and sets keys only when you click the Set Key button (K). It also creates keys only for the key types enabled in the Key Filters dialog box. You can open the Key Filters dialog box, by clicking the Key Filters button. Available key types include All, Position, Rotation, Scale, IK Parameters, Object Parameters, Custom Attributes, Modifiers, Materials, and Other (which allows keys to be set for manipulator values).

    Figure 6-5: Key Filters Dialog Box

  4. #64


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    Setting Key Frames
    The process of animating a simple primitive such as a sphere is given below. You can also choose to go with any other primitive.
    Once you are ready with a sphere or any other primitive object for the animation, press the "Auto Key" button in the bottom right-hand corner of the screen. The “Auto Key” button will turn red. While it's red, anything you change will create a keyframe in that state at that frame.
    You will also notice a slider at the bottom of the screen telling you which frame you're on. It should be at 0. Drag it to whatever frame you want the sphere to be in its new position by. Let’s say 25 frames.
    Now move the sphere.
    Figure 6-6: Animating a Sphere
    Now hit the play button to watch the animated sphere in action.
    If you move the sphere again at frame 25, the keyframe will be changed. But if you move to a new frame and move the sphere, a third keyframe will be created with the sphere at its new position. If you turn animate mode off and move the sphere it moves the entire animation.
    Time Configuration
    Time configuration is used to determine the length of your time segment and scale your animation. It is also simple and does not require much time and knowledge to accomplish these tasks.
    Right-click anywhere in the time settings area, or click on the time configuration button at the bottom right-hand corner of the screen.
    Then a Dialog Window saying Time Configuration will pop up.
    Figure 6-7: Time Configuration Dialog Box
    To change the length of the active time segment, either adjust the "end time" or "length" spinners.
    To scale the animation contained in the active time segment, click the "Re-scale Time" button in the Animation section of the Time Configuration window.
    Another window will appear, in which you select the new length of the animation. This will slow down or speed up the entire animation to fit whichever new time you enter.
    Figure 6-8: Re-scale Time Dialog Box
    Track View
    With Track View, you can view and edit all the keys that you create. You can also assign animation controllers to interpolate or control all the keys and parameters for the objects in your scene.
    Track View uses two different modes, Curve Editor and Dope Sheet.
    Curve Editor mode lets you display the animation as function curves. Dope Sheet mode displays the animation as a spreadsheet of keys and ranges. Keys are color-coded for easy identification. Some of the functions in Track View, such as moving and deleting keys, are also available on the track bar near the time slider, which can be expanded to show curves as well. You can dock the Curve Editor and Dope Sheet windows beneath the viewports at the bottom of the interface, or use them as floating windows.

  5. #65


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    رد: درس لتعليم أساسيات الأنيميشن

    Dope Sheet
    First, an animation has to be made. In this example the animated sphere used above, will be used. You can do that by following the steps above. Then from the Menus, select “Graph Editors>Track view-Dope Sheet”. This opens the Track View window.
    Figure 6-9: Track view-Dope Sheet
    The sphere is an object, so click on the + sign next to Objects to open the list of objects. Open the object whose keyframes you want to edit. In this case we are editing Sphere01.
    Then open up its transform track, since you're editing its change in Position, which is a transform. Now you should see the keyframes for your object. If you don't, press zoom extents (it is in the bottom left-hand corner of the track view window), and that will zoom out all the way. (In this case the sphere will have two, since it only goes from one place to another during this animation)

    • To move the keys around, use the move button to select and move them.
    • To create new keys that you can later edit, use the "create key" button. You can type in the exact frame you want the key to be placed in the bottom-right field of the window.
    • To delete keys, select them and press the delete key on your keyboard or click on the delete button.


    Curve Editor
    The Track View - Curve Editor is a Track View mode that allows you to work with motion expressed as function curves on a graph. It lets you visualize the interpolation of the motion, and the object transformations that the software creates between the keyframes. You can easily see and control the motion and animation of the objects in the scene using tangent handles on the keys found on the curves.
    The Curve Editor interface consists of a menu bar, a toolbar, a Controller window, and a Key window. There is also a time ruler, and navigation and status tools at the bottom of the interface.
    The Track View
    Curve Editor is a Track View mode that allows you to work with motion expressed as function curves on a graph. It lets you visualize the interpolation of the motion, and the object transformations that the software creates between the keyframes. You can easily see and control the motion and animation of the objects in the scene using tangent handles on the keys found on the curves. The Curve Editor interface consists of a menu bar, a toolbar, a Controller window, and a Key window. There is also a time ruler, and navigation and status tools at the bottom of the interface.

    Figure 6-10: Track view-Curve Editor
    Select the animated track (like position, rotation, or scale) and press the function curves button. Now the function curve for your animation will open up. If you click on the graph, the keys will become apparent.

    • To move the keys, adjust their values, or both, by using the move button.

    Motion Panel
    The Motion panel provides tools to adjust the motion of the selected object. Key timing and easing in and out of a key are parameters that you can adjust with tools on the Motion panel, for instance. The Motion panel also provides an alternative to Track View for assigning animation controllers.
    Figure 6-11: Motion Panel
    The Parameters button on the Motion panel lets you assign controllers, and create and delete keys too. Controllers are custom key-creating algorithms that can be defined through the Parameters rollout. These controllers are assigned by selecting the position, rotation, or scaling track and clicking on the Assign Controller button to open a list of applicable controllers that you can select.

  6. #66

    الصورة الرمزية Haitham Zaki
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  7. #67
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    رد: درس لتعليم أساسيات الأنيميشن

    momken alrabet al jadid chokran

  8. #68
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    جزاك الله خيرا اخى الكريم


 

 
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